For Bicycles to be accepted as a tool for transportation to appeal to more members of our community, bicycle parking needs to be easy, convenient, and functional.
A bike parking ordnance was called out as something the city of Colorado Springs should strive for in the Applying the Best Solutions section of the Bicycle Master Plan. Bike COS is working on drafting and proposing that a Bike Parking Ordnance be added as part of the RetoolCOS – Zoning Ordinance Update.
Below you will find resources for choosing a functional bike rack and where that bike rack should be placed on your property or in the public right of way.
Avoid The “School Rack”
School Rack at Lincoln Center in Colorado Springs
Historically, the most common bike racks are the type found in many school yards, the grid rack, or often referred to as a “wheelbender”. While these racks are easy for people to roll their bicycles in and out of, they don’t have two contact points to rest the bicycle against, which easily allows bicycles to fall over on each other, sometimes bending the front wheel. These racks also make it very difficult to lock both the bicycle frame and wheel(s) to the rack (and virtually impossible with a U-lock). Because of the difficulty to lock to, this style of rack is often seen with only two bikes locked on each end as the ends of the school rack are easier to secure to. If only one wheel is locked, it is quite easy to remove a quick-release front or rear wheel from the bicycle by hand (even with a lock attached to it) and simply walk away with the rest of the bicycle if the frame is not also locked.
Choose the Right Rack
Bike Racks come in all shapes, sizes and finishes. But when choosing a bike rack the most important criteria is it’s functionality; ask yourself these questions.
Is it easy to securely lock a bike to the rack?
Is it easy for the bike to remain standing while it’s locked to the rack?
The image below shows racks that are appropriate and meet these criteria including support at two points. The image also highlight common racks that don’t make securing your bike easy.
APBP BICYCLE PARKING GUIDELINES
Installing bicycle parking might seem like a pretty straightforward, but how do you know what type of rack is preferred by riders, and how many times have you seen bikes chained to trees or parking meters within a few feet of a bike rack! The Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP) pulled together a task force to develop recommendations on bicycle parking guidelines, including bicycle rack selection, location and placement that answers these questions and will ensure quality bicycle parking.
Use the same rack as PikeRide
City of Colorado Springs Zoning and Codes
A Surface Revocable Permit is required for a bicycle racks located within the right-of-way must comply with the following:
- The location must not interrupt the flow of vehicular and/or pedestrian traffic
- The location must not interfere with the public’s normal use of the property
- The location cannot interfere with any lawfully existing structure; and
- The structure or use must not occupy more than 1/5 of the width of any paved sidewalk.
Contact COS Planning and Development for information on revocable permits for bike racks
Form Based Code
This code applies only to Downtown Colorado Springs but does provide some bike parking recommendations.
Form Based Code
126.96.36.199 Bicycle Storage
1. All building projects shall provide adequate bike racks and/or storage areas for employees, customers, and residents.
2. Bike racks and/or storage areas should be located within 100 feet from the entry points to all building types. Bike racks and/or storage areas should be located near high traffic areas but should not impede the function of the pedestrian way.
3. Bike racks should be easy to recognize, attractive, and functional. Innovative bike rack designs are encouraged, especially when located within the public roadside. Bike storage areas should be well lit and designed according to the needs of the user – bike cages or lockers should be provided for long term bike parking where warranted.
Mixed Use Development Code
No property is currently zoned mixed use but these are the requirements for developments zoned in this way
All MU developments shall provide bicycle facilities to meet the following standards:
A. Amount: A minimum number of bicycle parking spaces shall be provided, equal to five percent (5%) of the total number of automobile parking spaces provided by the development, but not less than one space.
B. Location: Bicycle parking facilities shall be located no farther than one hundred feet (100′) away from a building entrance, shall be visible from the land uses they serve, and shall not be located in remote automobile parking areas. Facilities shall not be located in places that impede pedestrian or automobile traffic flow or that would cause damage to landscaping.
C. Design: Spaces for short term bicycle parking shall provide a means for the bicycle frame and one wheel to be attached to a permanent fixture, designed for securing bicycles, by means of a lock.
D. Off Street Parking Space Credit For Bicycle Parking: Off street parking credit for bicycle parking shall comply with the following standards:
1. When a development site is adjacent to a designated bike route, the City may reduce the required minimum number of off street parking spaces for provision of bicycle parking by one off street vehicle space for every six (6) bicycle spaces, up to a maximum reduction of five percent (5%), and
2. The City may reduce the required minimum number of off street parking spaces by one off street vehicle space for every six (6) bicycle parking spaces, for on site showers/changing rooms, or bicycle lockers, up to a maximum reduction of ten percent (10%). (Ord. 03-157; Ord. 09-74)
7.4.204: ALTERNATIVE PARKING OPTIONS:
A. Purpose: If the conditions of this section are met, the minimum off street parking requirements in section 7.4.203 of this part may be adjusted.
Adjustments to the minimum off street parking requirements may be requested as part of a new or amended development plan. Adjustments to the minimum off street parking requirements will not be considered in conjunction with a request for administrative relief for off street parking. The minimum number of off street parking spaces to be provided for single-family detached residences may not be adjusted.
Click Through for more details about using bicycle parking to reduce the automobile parking needs of a new development